Dengue – What You Need to Know ?
Dengue Fever (Free Tele-Consultation from 10AM to 6PM, Monday to Saturday)
- The most important step to prevent Dengue is by avoiding mosquito bites
- Clean up surroundings which can be breeding places for mosquitoes – such as artificial containers, flower vases and any source of stagnant water
- Usually the adult mosquitoes bite during day and in the night when the lights are on
- Use mosquito repellent creams or wear full/long sleeves for better protection against mosquito bites
- If you have any of the symptoms mentioned below – immediately see your physician or contact Dengue Helpline @ 080-46633100
The recent outbreak of dengue has created lots of confusion and panic among people. Recently in India, dengue cases are on the rise, and this has led to fear and anxiety among people.
What is Dengue?
Dengue is a mosquito borne viral illness, it is caused by one of the 4 dengue viruses DEN1, DEN2, DEN3 or DEN4. It is transmitted by the female “Aedes Aegypti” species, who gets the dengue virus upon biting an infected person and transmit it to another person. Dengue can vary from mild infection to a more severe form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever, which can lead a fatal condition of dengue shock syndrome.
Symptoms can begin anytime between 1-7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and can last 2-7 days (sometimes with two peaks) with two or more of the following symptoms:
- Retro-orbital pain, head and facial pain referred to the orbital area
- Pinpoint rashes anywhere on the body
- Leucopenia, decrease in the number of white cells
- Decreased urination
- Cold clammy palms and soles
- Malaise – a feeling of illness, discomfort or uneasiness
Upon clinical exam if your doctor suspects dengue, you will may be asked for blood tests:
- To check for platelet and white blood cell counts, which are low when infected with dengue and hematocrit concentration
- You may be asked for repeated tests for cell counts a few times over the course of the illness to monitor progress
- NS1 – For an early diagnosis of dengue virus, NS1 is the best test. It allows detection on the first day of fever.