Contraceptive Methods for women help in family planning allowing people to plan their own future. Contraceptives can help people space their pregnancies and attain the desired number of children.
Family Planning has been widely promoted by the World Health Organization by ensuring access to preferred contraceptive methods and is essential to securing the well-being and autonomy of women. An estimated 225 million women in developing countries would like to delay or stop child bearing BUT are not using any contraceptive methods. A woman’s ability to space and limit her pregnancies has a direct impact on her health and well-being. Family planning represents an opportunity for women to pursue additional education and acquire financial independence too.
Choosing a contraceptive method depends upon a lot of factors that includes age, lifestyle and individual needs.
Most contraceptive methods are 99% effective when used correctly and consistently.
Tips to use contraception include:
- Choose what you use. Different contraceptives suit different people.
- Be prepared. Always carry a contraceptive. Most unwanted pregnancies happen due to unprotected sex.
- Dual protection approach by combining two methods of contraception – Example: condom a barrier method by men and oral contraceptive pills by women gives the best protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
FERTILITY AWARENESS: Lot of women are unaware about their fertile period during their menstrual cycle when pregnancy is likely to happen. When women have regular 28 days’ cycle, ovulation happens around the middle of the cycle. Every woman’s cycle is unique. Avoiding sexual contact or using a contraceptive method will prevent unwanted pregnancies. Do talk to your doctor to know more.
- Female Contraceptive Methods Overview: The Natural Calendar Method: This involves keeping track of the fertile and infertile period in a menstrual cycle. Women are advised to avoid sex or use a barrier method during the fertile period.
Female Sterilisation: It involves a surgical procedure that provides permanent contraception. It is advised for couples who have completed their family.
- Combined Oral Contraception – the pill: Contraceptive Pills contain two hormones viz. oestrogen and progesterone and is taken every day for 3 weeks. It works by stopping the ovaries from producing the eggs. However, contraceptive pills are not advisable for women over the age of 35, women with high blood pressure and for women who smoke.
- Progesterone only pill – mini pill: It contains the hormone progesterone. It is considered a safe option and can be taken by women who are breast feeding as well.
- Injectable Contraception – hormone injection: Hormonal Contraceptive Injections are advised every 12 weeks.
- Intrauterine Systems/Devices(IUD): The Intrauterine Device is to be inserted and removed by a Specially Trained Doctor.
- The Implant: It is a small flexible rod that is inserted under the skin of the upper arm by a trained doctor. It has to be changed every 3 yrs.
- The Patch: It is a thin plaster containing the two hormones progesterone and oestrogen that work like a combined contraceptive pill. It has to be replaced every 3 weeks.
- The Vaginal Ring: It is a flexible ring containing hormones inserted into the vagina for three weeks every month. The vaginal ring is not advised for women with high blood pressure, breast feeding women and women more than 35 yrs.’ of age.
- The Diaphragm: It is a barrier method used with a spermicide that a woman fits into the vagina to cover the cervix.
Before choosing your method of contraception, it is extremely important to talk to a Doctor who would assess and guide the best method to choose from.
Make the right choice, only you can protect yourself from unwanted pregnancies.