What is Hemophilia? Hemophilia is an inherited blood disorder that affects the bloods ability to clot. It usually runs from parents to children.
What causes Hemophilia? In normal individuals, blood contains certain clotting factors. In case of Hemophilia, there is mutation of the gene which is responsible for the production of the clotting factor. This mutated gene is therefore unable to produce the clotting factor and thus hampers the blood clotting mechanism. The gene is present on the X Chromosome, and hence it majorly affects only males.
What are the types of Hemophilia? There are 2 types of Hemophilia –
- Hemophilia A – Absence of clotting factor VIII in the blood
- Hemophilia B – Absence of clotting factor IX in the blood
Symptoms of both the types remain the same, whereas the treatment modality varies.
Symptoms of Hemophilia – Severity of the disease denotes the symptoms of the disease.
- Mild Hemophilia – Patient remains normal for many years unless he has a significant wound or needs a surgery.
- Moderate Hemophilia – Children with moderate disease bruise easily and have internal bleeding. They bleed easily around joints even after a simple knock or a fall
- Severe Hemophilia – Spontaneous bleeding can occur from nose, gums, joints and muscles. This is the most severe form of the disease.
How to identify if you have Hemophilia? If you are bleeding for a longer time than usual, Hemophilia is usually suspected. Diagnostic blood tests are conducted to accurately diagnose the condition.
When to contact doctor on an emergency basis? Bleeding from any part of the body is dangerous, but bleeding within brain is the most dangerous condition. Hemophilic Individuals are advised to therefore consult a Doctor immediately when suffering from the following:
- Severe headache
- Stiff Neck
- Speaking Difficulties
- Changes in Vision
Treatment for Hemophilia – Hemophilia cannot be cured however the symptoms can be minimized and the risks can be reduced by treatment. Various treatment options available are – Supplementing clotting factor, medications and treatment for the underlying problems.
Hemophilia is a fatal condition, but intervening at right time can minimize the risk and even the fatality.
Be more than well. Be well prepared.