NSTEMI – What You Need To Know!!

Caucasian woman washing her hands

 

Heart attack is the leading cause of death in developed, developing and underdeveloped countries!! For a common man, any chest pain or discomfort is considered as Heart attack!! But a medico would differentiate it into 2 types

It is the right of every individual to know about his body, health and the diseases it would suffer! Heart attack being so common, let us first know about it. Heart attack is broadly classified into 2 types, namely –

  1. STEMI – ST SEGMENT ELEVATED MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
  2. NSTEMI – NON ST SEGMENT ELEVATED MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION
  3. ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

ST segment is one of the components of human ECG, based on whether this particular segment is elevated or not, MI or the heart attack is classified. Let us understand in detail about NSTEMI –

NSTEMI is similar to STEMI in the symptoms a person suffers. NSTEMI is known to occur when minor coronary arteries are blocked or major arteries are blocked partially. The damage caused to the heart will be far less extensive!!

Risk factors for NSTEMI – It remains the same as other type of MI and includes

  • Smoking
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Hypertension
  • High Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Overweight or Obese
  • Family history of heart attack or stroke

Symptoms of NSTEMI – To reinforce, includes –

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest discomfort or pain
  • Nausea
  • Sweating
  • Light-headedness
  • Dizziness
  • Pain in jaw, neck, left arm

How is NSTEMI diagnosed? Your health care provider, will perform few investigations which include –

  • ECG
  • Blood test for CKMB, TROP T, TROP I

Treatment for NSTEMI – Treatment options would be decided by your doctor based on your age, arteries involved and co-existing diseases

Preventive measures for NSTEMI – Certain measures when followed regularly will help to avoid an attack of NSTEMI. Measures include –

  • Avoid smoking and alcohol
  • Manage and maintain a healthy weight
  • Limited intake of fats
  • Consumption of healthy, nutritious foods
  • 30 minutes of physical activities
  • Practicing stress management of techniques

Life after NSTEMI – You can lead a normal life as earlier, with certain medications which has to be continued life long and regular follow up with your Cardiologist!

Now you are aware of NSTEMI, be cautious and try to keep it bay and lead a healthy life!!

 

 

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