Girls attain puberty between 8 and 13 years of age. There are a lot of changes that happens in the body and mind of girls during this period. Hormones causes changes in the growth and development of breast.
About 6 months or so before getting the first periods, a girl might notice an increased amount of clear discharge from her vagina which is usually common. If the discharge has strong odor or causes itchiness then she has to seek medical advice, as these can be signs of infection.
Menarche is when a girl starts having her first period. A girl is said to attain Menarche when all the parts of the reproductive system are matured and functioning together.
Menstruation is the process where there is shedding of uterine lining followed by bleeding through vagina, which happens every month in girls. The same process happens in women as well. Every month ovary releases mature egg under the influence of hormones, this is known as ovulation. If the egg meets the sperm from a male there is fertilization, woman becomes Pregnant. If the egg is not fertilized the uterine lining is shed as menstrual flow. It is natural and a normal body change which every girl goes through as she grows up.
For the first two years until the body gets adjusted to the menstrual cycle, girls might have their periods irregular and that is considered to be normal.
Before and during periods some girls might experience pain and heaviness in their breasts, cramps in the tummy, acne and mood swings.
Talk to your Doctor:
- If your periods/menstrual flow lasts more than a week.
- If you are having heavy flow requiring to change pads every 1-2 hrs.
- Gap between periods is more than 3 months after having regular periods for more than 6 months
- Bleeding between periods, inter menstrual flow
- Unusual amount of pain before or during your periods.
- Regular periods changing to irregular periods.
- If she develops fever and is sick after using tampon