Self Breast Examination
A self-breast examination helps you identify changes in your breast. Make sure you talk to your doctor if you notice anything unusual.
Adult women are encouraged to perform breast self-examination at least once a month.
Most of the diagnosed breast cancers are detected by women who feel a lump.
Establishing and training women to perform self-breast examination is very important.
While mammograms do help in detecting cancer before a lump can be felt, self-examination of the breasts helps you to familiarise how the breasts look and feel normally and any abnormal changes felt can alert to consult a doctor.
Routinely self-examination can be done during a shower, in front of the mirror and lying down.
In the shower:
Using the pads of your finger move around the entire breast in a circular pattern from the outside to the centre including the armpit checking and feeling for any lump, thickening or hardening.
In front of the mirror:
Visually inspect the breasts with the arms at your sides. Look for any changes in the contour, skin, any swelling or dimpling of the skin or changes in the nipples. Look for any dimpling or puckering.
Place a pillow under your shoulder and your arm behind the head. Using opposite hand move the pads of the finger around the breast gently in small circular motion. Squeeze the nipple check for any discharge.