Tips to Avoid Heatstroke

Tips to Avoid Heatstroke

 

Tips to Avoid Heatstroke

Heatstroke or sunstroke is a form of hyperthermia which causes the abnormal rise of body temperature due to over-exposure to the sun for long periods of time. Along with the rise in body temperature to critically high levels, heatstroke can also cause physical changes in the body along with permanent damage to the nervous system. Heatstroke is a serious heat-related injury that is on the rise in India and it should be treated as a medical emergency.

 

Those who are at a higher risk of suffering a heat stroke include:
• Infants
• Elderly
• Athletes
• People who work in the sun for long hours
• Children left in the car

 

Symptoms
The main symptoms are elevated body temperatures above 105 F. Other symptoms include:
• Fainting
• Throbbing headache
• Red and dry skin that is hot to touch
• Nausea and vomiting
• Rapid, shallow breathing
• Increased heartbeat
• Muscle cramps and weakness
• Confusion and disorientation
• Dizziness
• Seizures

 

Prevention
As the weather conditions are extremely hot, try to stay indoor in these conditions. Some steps to prevent heat strokes while stepping out in the sun include:
• Wearing light-colored cotton clothes that are loose-fitting
• Taking cold showers
• Wearing a hat or using an umbrella to protect yourself from the direct sunlight
• Using a sunscreen with SPF 30 or more before going out
• Drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
• Drinking electrolyte-rich drinks while exercising or being in the sun for long periods of time
• Trying to keep outdoor activities during times that do not have extreme heat and sun exposure
• Regulating body temperature by staying cool

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