Type 2 Diabetes – What is it?

• Regular food habits and correct food consumption is important to maintain blood sugar levels
• Exercise regularly to burn sugar in the body and insulin to act effectively
• Maintain ideal body weight
• Take medicines regularly
• Monitor blood sugar levels regularly so dose of medicines is appropriate to sugar levels

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that is caused when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin required for converting sugar into a source of energy for the body. Without insulin, sugar cannot be converted into energy thereby, causing high blood sugar level.
About 90% of the diabetes cases are of type 2 diabetes.

In most of the cases, a combination of causes leads to type 2 diabetes. Some of the common causes for type 2 diabetes are:
• Overweight – One of the major causes of type 2 diabetes is obesity or overweight as it leads to insulin counteraction
• Genes – Researches have found different bits of DNA that interrupts the normal production of insulin in the body
• Metabolic syndrome – Usually, people with insulin resistance have a group of conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose, triglycerides and extra fat around the waist

For some people with type 2 diabetes, they may not have any symptoms at first for many years. However, for others the early symptoms of type 2 diabetes include:
• Fatigue
• Hunger – need to eat more food in quantity and frequency.
• Increased thirst
• Increased urination
• Bladder, kidney, skin or other infection
In some cases, people may also experience blurred vision, erectile dysfunction and pain or numbness in the feet or hands.

___Living with type 2 diabetes___
People living with diabetes have to:
• Eat a healthy diet in order to maintain a normal body weight and control other health conditions such as blood pressure and cholesterol level
• Engage in physical activity on a regular basis as this increases the body’s response to insulin
• Monitor blood sugar levels regularly
• Strictly take medicines as prescribed by the doctor
• Be aware of the signs of complications that can affect people with type 2 diabetes so that they can seek medical help without delay

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