Understanding Stress and Anxiety
- According to WHO, anxiety affects 25% of the population in INDIA
● Depression is often also seen along with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) – hence needs to be evaluated together
● Signs of Depression, Stress and Anxiety are usually seen in adolescents initiated at the time of significant psychological distress at the start of new training program
● Preventive screening of adolescents who fall under the above target group may avoid future distress
● People who’ve been physically, verbally or sexually abused in childhood or adolescence, may have a higher risk of developing generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) as an adult.
● People think that substance abuse and alcohol relieve anxiety but it can potentially worsen anxiety.
A certain amount of stress and anxiety is a common part of present world. In fact, short periods of Stress can be positive – such as when it helps you meet a deadline or avoid any impending danger. However, when Stress persists for longer duration it results in harmful effects on health. Everyone tends to experience stress and anxiety at different points of time, but for a person with anxiety disorders the anxiety does not go away and can get worse over time. Though most of us use stress and anxiety in the same context, stress is a response to the threat in a situation and leads to anxiety as a reaction. There can be various reasons like emotional, professional, social, nutritional and environmental factors that can lead to stress and anxiety.
The various types of Stress are:
● Acute stress – Acute stress is something that lasts for a short period of time as passes quickly. This occurs when people fight or with minor accidents in day to day life. It could even be triggered from something exciting or new in one’s life. Overdoing on short-term stress can lead to psychological distress, tension headaches, and other such symptoms. Acute Stress is highly treatable and manageable.
● Episodic stress- People suffering from frequent acute stress are usually prone to get episodic stress. They are over-aroused, short-tempered, anxious and tense and ceaseless worrying. They may suffer from migraine, cardiovascular disorders and so on.
● Chronic stress – If the stress doesn’t pass away in a few weeks or a month, then it may be classified as chronic stress. Various problems like relationship trouble, trouble at work, financial problems etc. can lead to chronic stress. Over a period of time, chronic stress can lead to various health problems such as:
o High blood pressure
o Heart disease
o Skin problems
o For females, menstrual problems
Symptoms of stress and anxiety
Stress and anxiety can produce both psychological and physical symptoms. Though different people experience different symptoms, the common signs and symptoms of stress and anxiety include:
● Sleep disorders, ranging from insomnia to narcolepsy
● Anorexia, which is a complex eating disorder, nausea or stomach cramps.