Water Pollution – Facts and Prevention

Water Pollution – Facts and Prevention

 

Water covers more than two thirds of Planet Earth. One of the essential commodities of life, WATER is getting polluted due to various activities by human beings.

 

Polluted water consumption has various effects on individuals and according to statistics:

 

  • In India, a child dies of water borne diseases every 90 seconds.
  • Water borne diseases affect more than 1.5 billion people every year.
  • According to the World Health Organization, some 780 million people (11 percent of the world’s population) don’t have access to safe drinking water, while 2.5 billion (40 percent of the world’s population) don’t have proper sanitation
  • 160 million children suffer from stunting and malnutrition due to poor water quality and sanitation.
  • Diarrhoea is the 3rd leading cause of death in children, majority of which is water related.

 

Impact of Polluted Water on Public Health:

 

  1. Diarrhoea or loose stools, is the most common water borne disease. Ingestion of contaminated water and food is the most common cause of Diarrhoea.
  2. More than 80% cases of diarrhoea worldwide are due to drinking unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
  3. Cholera
  4. Typhoid
  5. Hepatitis A
  6. Dysentery

 

These are just a few to name, however polluted water consumption affects public health as a whole.

 

What leads to Water Pollution?

 

Curious to know on how water is getting polluted?

 

The following acts by Human Beings are instrumental in Water Pollution:

 

  • Rapid industrialization around the globe is leading to the accumulation of toxic substances as waste products. Since disposal of waste is another public health issue, waste is often disposed of in water bodies causing contamination in return.
  • Waste water, chemicals are discharged from factories to water sources without treatment and this leads to water pollution.
  • Detergents, house hold chemicals all end up in our rivers and oceans at the end.
  • Pesticides used in farming land directly pollute the river bed.
  • Using water for domestic purposes and for drinking from the same resource is the most common mode of self-harm.

 

Following are a few practical methods to prevent water pollution:

 

  • Do not throw chemicals down the drain.
  • Use environment friendly household cleaning products.
  • Judicious use of fertilizers and pesticides.
  • Do not drain chemicals without prior treatment
  • Use separate water for domestic purposes.

 

Safe Water, Safe Future.

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