You could have witnessed the sight wherein cops use certain fumes to disperse the mob during a protest! You could have seen villains using the same sort of fumes to scare the hero at the climax scene in a movie!! Have you ever thought about what these fumes are? How do those fumes have such powerful effect to disperse the mob? Is it not dangerous to use? Such series of questions would have cropped!
A few Chemistry graduates would have found the answer but for a common man, it would be tough to understand. To let you understand , here is a brief note on what it is? What happens when you come in contact with it.? What to do after getting exposed?
What is a Tear Gas? Tear gas is a chemical substance that contains Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile (CS) as the active ingredient. It is formally known as Lachrymator. Contrary to the name, it is not a gas but a solid which is aerosolized when the need arises and used as a spray
What does tear gas do? Tear gas irritates the mucous membranes of eyes, nose, mouth and even the skin resulting in inflammatory changes in these organs
What are the effects of Tear gas? Tear gas causes varied effects on exposure. Based on the duration of exposure the severity of the effects varies. In general, the effects of tear gas are –
- Burning in the eyes
- Burning in the nose
- Burning in the mouth
- Continuous watering in the eyes
- Blurred vision
- Nasal discharge
- Breathing difficulty
- Rashes on the skin
- Chest pain
- Excessive salivation
Instant remedies or first aid measures – Once you know someone who has got exposed to tear gas, be quick and follow these remedial measures –
- Ask the person to change his dress immediately
- Take a cold shower
- Rinse eyes with cold water
- Blow your nose
- Use milk to wipe your skin
- Rush to hospital if needed
Do not panic after exposure, use first aid measures for instant relief and reach out to the doctor. The effect of tear gas is not poisonous but continuous exposure can lead to life threatening problems. So be aware!