1. Develop strong bones by taking adequate calcium and vitamin D in diet.
2. Exercise regularly to strengthen bones.
3. Elderly people must be careful as older people are more prone to fractures.
4. Preexisting diseases must be assessed and treated.
5. Women should be careful as they are more prone to osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a disease that weakens the bones due to loss of bone tissue, mostly as a result of thinning of the bones. Osteoporosis reduces the density and quality of the bones. This disease is due to the deficiency of calcium or vitamin D. It makes bones fragile and increases the risk of unexpected fractures. This is a progressive disease which develops silently over a period of time.
- Gender – In comparison to men, women are at higher risk for osteoporosis, as
- Women have smaller bones
- Women tend to lose bones rapidly because of hormonal changes that occurs after menopause
- Age – With aging, your bones become thinner and increase the risk of osteoporosis
- Family History – If a family member has osteoporosis, there is a chance that you will have it too as it tends to run in families
- Medical history of fracture – People who have had a fracture after the age of 50 are at high risk of another fracture
Symptoms are very rare in the earlier stage of osteoporosis. But when your bones are weakened by osteoporosis, you may have following symptoms:
- Back pain, due to a fractured or collapsed vertebral bone
- A bone fracture that occurs more easily than expected
- Height loss by one inch or more can be the first sign of spine fracture due to osteoporosis
- Osteoporosis can lead to multiple spine fractures, which can cause curved spine, stooped posture, back fatigue and back pain
- Osteoporosis is a normal part of aging. Due to the wear and tear of the bones over the years, you may have this disease
- It can also be due to lowered sex hormones – testosterone and estrogen
- Lack of calcium and Vitamin D in your diet
- Thyroid problem
- Sedentary lifestyle, a type of lifestyle with no or irregular physical activity
- Smoking and excess consumption of alcohol.
- Long term use of medicines like steroids.
The good news for patients with this disease is that, there are many steps that can help to prevent, diagnose and treat osteoporosis. An integrated approach of lifestyle changes and appropriate medicine can help to treat this disease. Based on the bone density test, treatment is given. In most of the case of osteoporosis, a class of drugs which prevents loss of bone mass is used as a treatment.
- Include adequate intake of calcium and vitamin D in the diet
- Regular exercise to avoid a sedentary lifestyle
- Stop smoking and reduce alcohol consumption.
- Consult doctor if prescribed steroids long term.
- Associated diseases should be assessed regularly.