Anxiety Disorder – An Overview

Anxiety Disorder - An Overview


Being anxious is part and parcel of life. The feeling of anxiety varies as per situations. A few might be anxious before exams, rest before interviews and so on. Feeling anxious for a certain period followed by complete steady behavior is considered to be normal.



What if the anxiety persists for longer time and even gets worse?? Is this considered to be normal? Definitely not!

This is a term known as ‘Anxiety Disorder’ – a psychological disorder which needs medical intervention.



The number of sufferers due to anxiety is steadily increasing due to various reasons. It is wise to be alert and check if we have any symptoms suggesting severe anxiety and take steps towards feeling better.



What is Anxiety? Anxiety is a feeling of unease, such as worry or fear, which can be mild or severe and lasts for longer durations and necessitates intervention. It comprises of different types which are collectively termed as Anxiety Disorder.



People with anxiety disorder will not be able to perform normally or put in their full efforts at workplace, studies or daily routine. They find it hard to control their feelings and lead a normal life.



What are the types of anxiety disorder? They are of several types including the most common variants like –

  • Panic disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Phobias
  • General anxiety disorder


Symptoms of anxiety disorder – Symptoms vary based on the type. Common symptoms in each category is listed below –



Panic disorder – People will have repeated panic attacks characterized by palpitations, sweating, trembling, and shortness of breath which lasts for a considerable amount of time. Common symptoms associated are –



  • Being out of control during a panic attack
  • Sudden and repeated attacks of intense fear
  • Avoiding places with prior panic attacks


Social anxiety disorder – People with social anxiety disorder have intense fear in socializing. They develop anxiety in facing a group of people or places where groups of people assemble. Symptoms include –



  • Staying away from places where there are groups of people
  • Blushing, trembling, sweating while being in a gathering
  • Difficulty in making friends
  • Being over conscious in front of other people
  • Fear of being judged in the gathering


Phobias – Irrational and intense fear of certain things, objects or situations. It varies from person to person and can develop right from minute things like height, water, depth, animals and so on.



General Anxiety disorder – It is the most common form of anxiety disorder. Excessive, unrealistic worry, tensions over everything and even if there is nothing to provoke anxiety. These individuals will rarely have normal days and new anxious events crop up once the other is resolved. Common symptoms include –



  • Feeling restless
  • Worried
  • Sleeplessness
  • Irritable
  • Difficulty in concentrating


What causes anxiety? The exact cause is unknown and is usually a result of multiple factors like –



  • Over activity in the areas of brain concerned with emotions and feelings
  • Imbalance in the brain chemicals or hormones
  • Hereditary
  • Drug abuse
  • Long term family illness



Risk factors – Causative factors are common and that doesn’t mean that everyone would develop anxiety disorder. Risk factors are –



  • Females
  • Shyness or behavioral problems
  • Broken marriages
  • Financial troubles
  • Broken families


Treatment of Anxiety disorder – Once you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms in yourself or your near and dear ones, it is recommended to consult a Psychiatrist. Treatment Options Include:



  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Self-support
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Stress management techniques
  • Dietary and lifestyle changes
  • Relaxation therapy


Anxiety disorders are preventable as well through acquiring a few changes in your life in the form of limiting intake of alcohol, coffee, smoking cessation, regular exercise and so on.



While managing our mental health is in our hands, why complicate things by waiting for an illness? Talk out your heart today, share your feelings and express your emotions. Unshared emotions add to your mental illness.



Be more than well. Be well prepared.

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