Contact Dermatitis

Contact Dermatitis


Almost anyone and everyone develops skin rash at least during their life time. Have you seen a rash that develops at regions due to exposure to watches, ear rings or certain clothes? The rash that develops only on exposure to certain things results in Contact dermatitis.



What is Contact Dermatitis? Contact dermatitis is defined as the inflammatory condition of the skin triggered by contact with a particular substance.



Symptoms of Contact dermatitis – Symptoms can vary based on the substance, person and period of exposure to the substance, common symptoms include –


  • Red and irritated skin
  • Swelling
  • Itching
  • Hot or painful skin
  • Water filled lesions
  • Dry scales on skin


What causes Contact Dermatitis? Contact dermatitis can be caused by various substances but the interesting fact is that everyone need not develop dermatitis for the same substance. Here is the list of common substances that provokes contact dermatitis –



  • Hair dyes or straighteners
  • Nickel – metal found in artificial jewelry
  • Latex rubber
  • Certain deodorants
  • Fragrances of soaps, shampoos
  • Henna
  • Bleach
  • Alcohol, sanitizers
  • Disinfectants


When to see a doctor? Most of the cases of contact dermatitis subside on its own once the causative agent is removed. However, in certain cases it will not and the symptoms may worsen necessitating consulting a doctor immediately. Never delay in contacting doctor if you see –


  • Rash is severe, wide spread and painful
  • Rash doesn’t get better within few weeks
  • Rash affecting face and genitals


Preventive measures – some preventive measures include –


  • Wash your skin thoroughly – If you come in contact with a substance that causes dermatitis, wash the skin immediately and thoroughly with soap and water
  • Use gloves if exposure to agent is unavoidable
  • Change products that irritate your skin
  • Apply moisturizers that keep your skin hydrated


Home remedies for Contact dermatitis – If you have already developed the condition, then here are some simple home remedies –


  • Apply calamine lotion to the affected area
  • If itching is severe, take OTC medications
  • Apply cool compresses to the affected places
  • Wear smooth textured cotton clothing
  • Apply moisturizers liberally
  • Choose mild soaps and dyes without alcohol


Contact dermatitis is a mild form of the disease, which when identified early can be completely cured and causes no harm. Avoid substances once you know you are allergic to, do not try them repeatedly.



Be more than well, be well prepared.



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