Know about Low Sperm Count – Causes & Treatment


The seminal fluid ejaculated during a male orgasm contains millions of sperm. When this sperm count declines, it is called a Low Sperm Count or Oligospermia. It is known to be one of the most common causes of infertility in young couples.

Let us know the basics of Low Sperm Count.

What causes Oligospermia?

Causes may involve:

  • Infection of reproductive organs- Like Epididymis, orchitis, etc.
  •  Sexually transmitted infections like HIV & gonorrhea 
  • Undescended testicles
  • Defects in the Ejaculation & transport system like blockage due to trauma
  • Hormonal imbalance- Alteration in the hormonal interplay at the level of hypothalamus, pituitary, and testicles may cause Low Sperm Count
  • Chromosomal & genetic defects
  • Lifestyle causes like heavy metal exposure, elevated temperature in testicles, radiations, industrial exposure, etc
  • Alcoholism, emotional stress, depression, obesity, tobacco, drug abuse, etc

Treatment of Low Sperm Count

Treatment depends upon the cause. For example, there is no treatment for genetic-related issues but if the issues are related to infections, lifestyle or nutritional causes, it can be rectified with proper lifestyle modifications & nutritional changes. Lifestyle modifications are advised not only for treatment purposes but for prevention also.

When to consult a doctor?

 If a couple is unable to conceive even after 1 year of actively trying, it is a sign to consult a doctor. Also, ejaculation issues, low sex drive, history of sexual problems or testicular infection must be discussed with Doctor to rule out Low Sperm Count.

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