We must have heard news about road traffic accident victims who donated their organs and saved the lives of others. Organ Donation is the need of the hour. The number of individuals registering for Organ Donation is increasing, however, the demand is not in proportion to the supply.
A lot of us are not aware of what Organ Donation entails.
According to Statistics, the current organ donation rate is 0.26 donors per million population in our country.
- Almost 1.5 lakh people need a kidney but only 3000 receive one
- 90% of the people in the waiting list for organs die due to non-availability of the organs.
- India requires about 25000 liver donors annually, but the donors are only around 800
What is Organ Donation? Organ donation is the process of procuring organs from either a living or dead person and giving it to a needy person in the form of transplantation.
Types of Organ Donation:
- Live donation – Usually happens within families and restricted to liver and kidney donation
- Deceased Donation – Can involve any group of people and has no restrictions
Who can donate organs? Anyone who has crossed 18 years of age can donate organs by signing donor card or getting registered
What organs can be donated? A single donor can donate most of his organs including heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, pancreas and small bowel, eyes and skin
Can any form of death proceed with organ donation? No, in case of normal death, circulation stops immediately and hence cannot be considered for organ donation with few exceptions. In case of brain death where the brain stops functioning but heart continues beating, can proceed with organ donation
It is important to remember that Organ Donation does not leave the body disfigured.
Are there any contraindications for Organ Donation? History of medical illness is not an absolute contraindication; the doctor decides about the organs based on your illness. The absolute contraindications are –
HIV Positive individuals
Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD)
How to get registered for organ donation? One can get registered by approaching any hospital or organ donation foundations like Mohan foundation, etc. Fill the form by providing necessary details. Inform your closest relative be spouse/father/mother about your registration, so that they can reach out to the concerned authority when the need arises
Process of organ donation – Once the person is declared brain dead, the same is approved or confirmed by a panel of 4 doctors, of which 2 are from the government sector. Once confirmed, the process of procuring organs takes place and transplanted to the needy in the following sequence –
- Heart and lungs within 4 to 6 hours of retrieval
- Liver and pancreas within 12 hours
- Kidneys within 24 hours
By donating organs one deceased is saving lives of 8 and at times even more. Self-satisfaction of doing something before living the eternal world.
Organ donation is a voluntary process. One has no compulsion to donate his organs, but it is important to remember that it saves lives.
Donate Organs, Donate Lives.