Menstruation or periods are a normal physiological phenomenon that occur in every woman’s life. Menstruation itself makes a woman anxious and just before the start of periods, most women encounter a different set of symptoms that hampers their daily routine; this group of symptoms is collectively known as Pre-Menstrual Syndrome or PMS.
What is Pre-Menstrual Syndrome? Pre-Menstrual Syndrome is defined as the physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms that occur 2 weeks prior to a woman’s monthly periods. It is also known as Pre-Menstrual Tension.
Symptoms of Pre-Menstrual Syndrome – Symptoms vary in every woman, most common include –
- Tension or anxiety
- Crying spells
- Mood swings – irritability, anger, etc.
- Social isolation
- Poor concentration
- Food cravings
- Social withdrawal
- Excessive tiredness
- Abdominal bloating
- Weight gain
- Acne flare up
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Loss of interest in sex
What causes PMS? The causes of PMS are not clear. A hormonal change that happens during periods is the most likely what causes PMS. Low nutritious food intake, excessive consumption of salt rich food, coffee and alcohol consumption are the other possible associated factors
What to do to combat PMS? PMS doesn’t require medical intervention. Change in lifestyle and food habits is all it needs. A few tips that help cope with PMS include –
- Exercise at least 30 minutes a day
- Eat healthy and nutritious foods
- Avoid salt, caffeine and alcohol
- Sleep adequately
- Avoid sugary foods like sweets, chocolates
- Talk to friends on how you feel, share your thoughts
- Learn to manage stress
When to consult a Doctor? Most of the women do not require any active intervention, however if the symptoms hamper your daily activities, it is advised to consult a Doctor.
Be more than well. Stay healthy, stay active.